How to Clean a Gun?

How to clean a gun? Well, cleaning your gun can be difficult, but it is important to keep your weapon in top shape and ready for use at any time. We have compiled an advanced guide on how to clean a gun that will help you maintain the condition of your firearm so that you don’t experience malfunctions or damage when using it.

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Properly cleaning a gun will keep it functioning effectively and safely. You should clean a gun after every time you fire it, and particularly after target practice when you are firing lots of rounds.

Follow these steps and avoid common mistakes to make sure you are cleaning your weapon properly:

How to Clean a Gun

Get a cleaning kit

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Universal Handgun Cleaning kit .22,.357,.38,9mm,.45 Caliber Pistol Cleaning Kit Bronze Bore Brush and Brass Jag Adapter BOOSTEADY
  • Zippered Compact Padded Case: Keeps everything neatly organized; Holds all the necessary cleaning tools; Case sized: 6.5″ x 3.6 “; 16 Pieces handgun gun maintenance system in a high performance zippered organized pouch bag
  • Gun Cleaning Supplies Includes: .22Cal., .357Cal./.38Cal./9MM, .40Cal., and .45Cal. phosphor bronze bore brushes and brass jags, large and small bronze slotted tips, and 100 pcs gun cleaning patches, nylon brush and metal gun cleaning pick(This gun cleaning kit does not include any solvent or oil, .357 and 9mm are essentially the same size. )

Gun cleaning kits are typically a collection of various pieces of equipment to prevent corrosion, metal fouling, and rusting of your gun. A top-quality maintenance kit, if used correctly, can assist you in preserving your firearm’s original condition for many years.

You will have to make sure you have all of the necessary tools when it comes to cleaning your gun.

Some things you might need include:

  • A screwdriver,
  •  Cotton swabs or patches for holding parts and fluids together.

how to clean a gun

  •  Lubricants like silicon oil that can prevent rusting from moisture exposure while also Preventing dirt build up on metal surfaces,
  •  Light machine oil for moving parts in the weapon as well as penetrating into small spaces where grime may accumulate over time,
  •  You should also purchase some solvents such as alcohol (isopropyl) or acetone which will dissolve old oils and grease off used components so they are

Unload your gun:

Unload the gun before doing anything else. This is a crucial first step because you don’t want to cause any damage by having an accidental discharge as you are cleaning your weapon. Make sure that all rounds and magazines have been removed from the firearm so that it cannot be fired accidentally while it is being cleaned.

The next thing you need to do when learning how to clean a gun is field strip (disassemble) it completely into its smallest parts. Remove everything, including screws, pins, bolts and other pieces of metal on or in the gun–down to only what can easily come out with fingers alone without tools. Take care not to lose tiny springs or drops of oil during this process, as they will be necessary later.

Clean gun barrel:

Clean the gun barrel with a solvent such as dry-cleaning fluid or acetone to remove any dirt and other debris left inside from previous use. Take care not to allow water into the bore of your weapon because it can cause rusting on steel barrels that are not well protected by an oil finish.

Next, wipe down all metal parts–especially those where you applied lubricant during step two–with a rag soaked in warm soapy water to remove any grime or buildup left over from old rounds being fired through them previously. Rinse everything thoroughly afterwards with clean running water (preferably distilled) and set aside for drying before reassembling again according to these instructions.

Remove the bolt or slide from your gun. This is usually accomplished by pulling back on the handle until it slides out of its housing with little to no effort at all. Step Two: Pull off any old cleaning patches and solvent-soaked wipes that may be in there, and then reinsert a new one if necessary.

how to clean a gun

Next, apply a few drops of bore cleaner onto both sides of your rag before inserting into the barrel–but take care not to allow water into the bore because this can cause rusting! Wipe down each side for ten seconds apiece while rotating your cloth every five strokes so that you don’t miss anything. Repeat these steps as needed until you’re satisfied with how clean everything looks when removing it again.

Step Three: Take it out and set the barrel upright onto a flat surface, then poke your cleaning rod through one of the holes in its muzzle. Gently guide this all the way down to whatever part is at the end (generally about six inches) before pushing it back up again. Repeat these steps as needed until you’re satisfied with how clean everything looks when removing it again. 

Always clean your gun in a well-ventilated area:

Find an area with good air circulation to clean your gun. Solvent fumes are noxious and can make you sick. Likewise, the solvent and lubricant used just flat-out smell foul if you try to clean your guns indoors, so keep your family happy and don’t stink up the joint.

Lubricate the barrel:

Attach the cotton mop with a rod and then apply a few drops of lubricant on the mop.

how to clean a gun

Run it back and forth through the bore several times, re-applying lubricant as needed so that you coat all of its surfaces.

Remove excess oil from muzzle with a cleaning patch:

Wrap a cotton rag around your finger or an old toothbrush in order to remove any excess grease from the rifle’s muzzle. Move slowly and carefully while applying gentle pressure until the gun is clean enough not to leave smudges on hands when dry fired.

Once finished firing, allow weapon to cool before handling it again. Make sure there are no fingerprints left behind by touching the barrel too much after removing patches: use gloves if possible. To prevent rusting, apply semi-permanent protection to the weapon.

Clean and protect your firearm:

For a thorough cleaning, remove all parts from the gun (such as firing pin, connector, etc.) to ensure that each area is cleaned with care.

Maintaining Gun

Clean your gun after every use:

A good quality firearm is a significant investment. No matter for what purpose you are using a gun. Whether you’re using it for sport, hunting or home defense. The whole cleaning process, start to finish, only takes 20 or 30 minutes. It’s worth it to do it regularly. You might even consider getting out old guns from the back of the closet and doing them all at once while you’ve got the materials out.

Consider investing in a barrel snake and/or ultrasonic cleaners. 

Like everything else, gun cleaning technology is cutting edge. For rifles and shotguns, barrel snakes are long multi-purpose cleaners that make the job much quicker and easier, some featuring lights on the end that allow you to see the interior of the barrel much more easily. It cuts down on time and makes the job more efficient.

Store your guns unloaded in a cool and dry environment. 

To ensure the longest life for your gun, don’t store them anywhere they’ll be significantly affected by the elements. Keep them indoors, in temperature-controlled environments. Consider investing in trigger locks to keep your gun safe and tamper proof.

how to clean a gun

Soft or hard cases are available for guns, anywhere as cheap as $15 or $20. If you have a higher budget, there are also lockable gun cabinets and safes made for the purpose of storing guns in a controlled and locked environment.


Most guns are different. Take a course to learn about your gun. The user’s manual will probably say, but you still may want to take the course so that you can see it hands on. Plus, there are videos online that can help as well.

Guns are metal, and metal can consume and be debilitated after some time. Any gun that has not been as expected kept up ought to be taken to a gunsmith to be analyzed and cleaned. It’s anything but a little-known cycle and many firearm proprietors and specialists could likely make an identical showing, yet in the event that you need to ask here, you need a gunsmith.

Utilizing WD-40 and a brillo cushion is best. Shower some WD onto the corroded region and make light circles with the brillo cushion. You should wipe down the firearm to clear off brillo buildup and the WD a while later, yet it’s a decent method to eliminate the rust.

Gun safes and cabinets are available for purchase at many retailers like Cabela’s and Bass Pro Shops–though some people will go so far as to build their own storage solutions (called “gun vaults”) from scratch if they’re looking to save money on something more customized. The important part is making sure nothing can easily reach them whilst also protecting against theft. Keep in mind when buying cases that many have pre-cut slots for different firearms, so you’ll want to measure the guns you’re storing in order to buy a case that will fit them.

If you don’t use your gun often, clean it once a month. If you haven’t used your gun in six months or more, then do a complete overhaul of the entire thing to get any buildup out as well as lubricate everything with oil that matches whatever type of firearm you have.

Many people do not clean their newly purchased guns. This is a novice error, however. Most new firearms don’t have all the proper lubricants in place for optimal shooting. Instead, manufacturers use grease and other sticky solvents to avoid rusting and corrosion. If you want to keep your weapon in top shape, we recommend cleaning it right away.

Over time, firearms can be damaged by buildup, corrosion and rust, and even just regular friction as parts rub together. Regular cleaning can help maintain all the moving parts inside your firearm, stop it from jamming, and keep it functioning for years to come.


You should let the gun sit for a few minutes before you wipe it off, so that all of the excess oil will have sunk into the larger surfaces. You can then use your cleaning cloth or towel to swipe down any remaining grime with one light pass and be done. Never forget to unload the gun before starting its cleaning process.

Keep your gun safe and sound with all of these great tips!

Author Profile

Gabriel Tackett
Double major in Engineering and Geology at the University of Minnesota. Experienced shooter & hunter for over 15 years. Certified NRA officer for over 10 years working as a writer at .

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