Do Sparrows Migrate?

Perhaps, you have been staring at the sky, wondering: “do sparrows migrate?” The truth is when winter sets in, most animals usually migrate to warmer habitats to manage the cold temperature.


This belief has proved to be right with most birds. However, sparrow birds beg to differ among the lot. It is not news that many birds do not get into this category, and the North American house sparrow happens to just be one among them. Sparrow birds are not migratory. Many of these native birds stay within the range of 1 kilometer to their birthplace. These birds lack the natural adventure of some other birds as it stays put in one geographical area.

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The most common type of these birds is the house sparrow that thrives in urban areas among human populations. Often, their young birds itch to travel long distances; however, the adult ones are not migratory. Another category of birds that often have high chances in migration is the eastern sparrows, but they are known to travel little distance.

These categories of birds make their nests in between the rocks. The nests of house sparrows are built on the lower elevation during winter. Another reason that the house sparrow lacks interest in migration during winter is that they do not rely on large insects, specifically for food.

Do Sparrows Migrate?

You would find house sparrow birds in rural areas and a wide variety of habitats with different climate conditions. However, you would not find them in places like deserts, grasslands, or Woodlands. Usually, the sparrow bird stays in a part where feeding is made easy, generally, for an extended period. Many sparrows scavenge through dustbins to get the food that they need.

10 Types Of Sparrow Birds

  1. Black-winged Snowfinch Birds
  2. Black-capped Social Weaver Birds
  3. Black-throated Sparrow Birds
  4. White-throated or Eastern Sparrow Birds
  5. White-crowned Sparrow Birds
  6. American Tree Sparrow Birds
  7. Song Sparrow Birds
  8. Chipping Sparrow Birds
  9. House Sparrow Birds
  10. Field Sparrow Birds

The number of bird species of sparrows in North America may be about three dozen; they are also many in order parts of the world.

Apart from the species in North America, other areas have other species of sparrows found in their nest sites. Sparrows are small passerine birds that love to have their nests around houses, buildings, and warehouses.

Do Sparrows Migrate?

Often, humans have found the nests of sparrows in their own space. They can easily be classified as a significant part of human existence, even with their dwindling numbers. House sparrows may be interesting birds if they decide to keep their aggression. At any time, they are often found in urban sites as well as rural areas.

If you wonder which bird is the easiest to find around your vicinity, your best bet would be sparrows. These birds are usually grey or brown, and they are about 11-18cm long. Like birds, they weigh about 13-42 grams as their overall body weight. House sparrows are common species among these birds; if you ever see this bird, there is a high chance the one you find is a house sparrow.

These birds are ones you may see throughout the globe, although its initial origin was around Northern America and Asia. However, due to house sparrows’ fascinating features, they now stay in locations throughout the world mainly because they moved their nests as humans also moved around.

According to numbers in science, house sparrow birds are easily the ones with the world’s largest distribution. However, you would find sparrows only in Australia’s eastern and northern parts because they cannot travel across the desert that separates the state from the east. Apart from this place that humans stay without house sparrows, all other urban areas can feel their presence.

Sparrow birds first need conservation, especially in the United Kingdom, because they open to attacks from predators, including magpies. Though this danger is only in the United Kingdom, their populations are well monitored because the sparrow bird is yet another animal the world wouldn’t want its extinction. These birds need protection because they have too much attitude for the world to live without them.


One exciting discovery about house sparrows is that they are omnivores. You would find house sparrows eating grains and seeds like wheat, oats, millet and sunflower seeds, and even commercial bird seeds.

You may also see these birds eat insects and feed their young with it, although the insects are not very large. The feeding system of house sparrows is fascinating because they eat almost every kind of food, mostly discarded food.

House sparrows are peculiar birds that may stay at a close range to their birthplace. Some people believe that they have a sentimental attachment to their first nests. As birds, house sparrows keep this range because they prefer staying in the range where they can get food. This is because of their way of feeding that requires them to stay on sites in range with all other kinds of food they can get.


These birds lay between two to five new eggs, and they start to incubate halfway through laying their eggs. House sparrows hatch their new eggs after 11-14 days while the parents take turns caring for their young birds.

House sparrows brood upon their young for 6-8 days, which is the major point of transforming these species from eggs to sparrows though the young birds can only control their body temperature when they are ten days old. It is no news that house sparrows take their young ones through a breeding process to take care of themselves and build their own nest. This breeding leads the young birds to the point of fledgling within 14-16 days.

Do Sparrows Migrate?

Though some animals mate at certain periods in the year, however, sparrows mate throughout the year. They produce small brown native birds even in winter and under any climate condition.

This allows a pair of house sparrows to have a nest full of babies three to four times throughout a year. Both parents provide food for the native birds because good feeding is needed for the bird to stay healthy and grow within 15 days that they spend in the nest.

How do sparrows survive the winter?

It is common news that these birds are aggressive competitors for nesting sites, especially in winter. It is right to say that these birds have no shame when it comes to nesting. They are unconcerned whether a nest is new or not, and they don’t take pride in building their nesting on their own. Using body warmth is a well-known way that the house sparrow uses to stay alive during winter.


House sparrow birds need warmth for themselves, including two or more of the native bird that it births. This bird is known to huddle with it’s kind in the nest in the cold climate season. When winter sets in, these species take many measures like sticking with their flocks because the house sparrow is a highly social bird.

Often, this bird would stay with other birds like them to share their nest, food, and other resources in the cold climate season. One of the ways this bird survives winter is by staying in the nest with their kind.


Only some have chances of flying together in flocks; however, it is most unlikely.

Yes, they have nothing against going back to the same nest they used in a different season or situation.

House sparrows are bird species mostly found in North America, even in the cold season of the year. Due to the many conditions, they have been migrated mainly by humans to parts of the UK.

However, this bird has no interest in migration, but rather they stay in their part of America close to supplies for food and many other opportunities that may come with their nest. They are not open to the change that comes with migrating because they see nothing of it.

In winter, some of the northern birds fly away from their nest in the north in the open to areas in the south. Although migration is rare with this bird type for food conservation and nest, the white-throated sparrow bird takes to migration in winter for better feeding options. They may often open themselves up to the complications attached to migration to get the most out of this season of the year.


Humans are given the task to first work towards the conservation of these birds, especially since they are getting more difficult to see in certain areas of the world. They pride themselves in being able to go through the winter season without using migration as an escape.

These northern birds are common among various areas across the globe for their ability to eat a wide variety of food, their convenient nesting system that allows them to live in a nest that is not even theirs, including their disinterest in migration in the winter climate season.

In this post, you would see that native birds are birds that stay within a geographical area that is common to them. The North American bird’s attitude toward nesting is the same toward feeding in the sense that they make do with any of the resources available to them. However, when it comes to migration, they do not compromise as they like using their native environment as their nest.

The sparrow is different from every other bird, although they also stay in a nest and have similar feeding patterns with their kind. Most of their species have no interest in migration with the long time it takes during winter. Many of them stick to their nest’s familiar surroundings in wintertime with the mind of first surviving among many other house sparrows.

Author Profile

Gabriel Tackett
Double major in Engineering and Geology at the University of Minnesota. Experienced shooter & hunter for over 15 years. Certified NRA officer for over 10 years working as a writer at .

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