Pheasants are an amazing game bird that is often overlooked by hunters. Hunting for pheasants is a lot of fun, but it can be hard to get the hang of. You might have tried your hand at this sport before but found that you weren’t able to get close enough to the birds without spooking them away.
The problem is that people can’t easily find the right choke for their shotgun. Most of us don’t know what choke we need for our shotguns, and it makes choosing a shotgun harder than it needs to be. This article will help you choose the best choke for pheasant.
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If you are in a hurry to purchase the best choke for pheasant, and you want to make the best decision, here are our top 3 picks:
What Is a Choke for Hunting?
Choke is defined as “A constriction in the bore of a firearm at or near the muzzle. Choke generally serves to modify the distribution of the shot charge to favor patterns with an optimum combination of uniformity and density and adequate penetration. It also affects ballistics by controlling the shape of the shot string (pattern) and the velocity of the shot charge.
How Does a Choke Work?
A choke typically consists of a conical section near the muzzle, which smoothly tapers back to the original bore diameter. If present, the constriction may be partway down the bore or at the muzzle only. Each manufacturer’s offering is different, but in general terms, chokes are classified by the degree of constriction, e., no., mod., and full.
A choke is used to restrict the shot string when shooting at different distances, with typical applications including clay target games, hunting game birds such as quail, partridge or pheasant, waterfowl (such as ducks or geese), and deer. A constriction of the barrel is similar in effect to narrowing the bore diameter and places the projectile at a greater centripetal force due to the conservation of angular momentum; it thus enhances accurate shot placement.
There is more than one constriction (or choke) in a barrel in shotgun barrel design, usually about one inch from the muzzle end. A barrel can have multiple chokes, and each may vary in size depending on the use for which the barrels were designed or intended. The three main types of choke are:
None – There is no restriction of airflow through the bore while shooting. This type of choke does not affect distance or accuracy but can lead to loss of pellet speed, therefore reducing effective range. Shotguns with “none” chokes are generally used to shoot targets that offer a larger kill zone, such as trap and skeet.
Modified – there is a slight restriction on airflow through the bore, decreasing distance even more than no chokes but not affecting accuracy. An example of usage is hunting geese; this enables hunters to fire at longer ranges than non-choked barrels and still produce effective results. Modified chokes are very common in shotguns used for wild turkey hunting.
Full – As above but with a significant constriction, reducing shot spread to approximately 25% of what it would be without any choke. A full choke has little or no effect on pellet velocity, shortening effective range somewhat further modified chokes do. “Full” chokes are commonly installed on “deer slugs,” where the larger diameter of the pellet enables it to be effective with a tighter constriction.
Best Choke for Pheasant
Now we’ll go over four different chokes for hunting pheasant that are perfect for beginners. We’ll also explain what each choke does so that you know how it affects your shot pattern at varying distances. Let’s jump in.
1. Carlson’s Waterfowl Choke Tube
- Constriction: Mid Range (MR) . 710 / Long Range (LR) . 700
- Feature Triple Shot Technology (TST) allows a more gradual transition from the shotgun bore to the final constriction
- Dimensions: 8.46 x 4.8 x 1.14 Inches
- Weight: 4.55 Ounces
Carlson’s Waterfowl Choke Tubes are designed to provide the ultimate versatility for all types of waterfowl hunting. The Triple Shot Technology® feature allows you to shoot a combination of steel, lead, and Hevi-Shot® without changing tubes. This allows you to use the correct shot size for the range at which you are shooting.
The Carlson’s Waterfowl Choke Tube is a choke tube that fits the following shotgun models: Browning Invector Plus, Winchester Super X2, and Mossberg 500-590. It features a mid-range constriction of .710 and a long-range constriction of .700 for increased accuracy at varying ranges. This choke tube comes with an alloy construction and includes a wrench for installation.
This choke tube features a 25% longer parallel section than other brands, which allows you to shoot without restriction. It is made from heat-treated 17-4 stainless steel for superior strength and durability. Carlson’s Waterfowl Choke Tubes are available in all standard constrictions.
2. Carlson’s Sporting Clays Choke Tube
- Materials: Steel
- Package: Choke tube and Choke Wrench
Carlson’s Sporting Clays Choke Tubes are made with the same quality and care as Carlson’s chokes. The main difference is that these tubes are designed to be used for sporting clays target shooting only. They are not intended to be used in hunting situations where many shots come into play. Available in 12 gauge, 20 gauge, 28 gauge, and .410 bore, a choke tube is available for every shotgun you own.
Carlson’s Sporting Clays Choke Tube is the choke tube that will fit Browning, Mossberg, Winchester, Weatherby, and Savage 12 gauge shotguns. It has a red plastic cap to protect the threads when not in use. The Carlson’s Sporting Clays Choke Tube features a “C” constriction for use on sporting clays targets at greater distances.
Carlson’s Choke Tubes are made from 17-4 stainless steel and feature a modified constriction. These choke tubes will deliver the most consistent patterns you’ve ever shot with your shotgun. The Carlson choke tube is designed to enhance your shooting performance by reducing recoil, muzzle jump, and pattern deformation.
- Dimensions: 4 x 1 x 8 Inches
- Weight: 1.6 Ounces
Carlson’s Winchester Improved Cylinder Choke is a 12ga shotgun choke with the same constriction as an improved cylinder but with a longer parallel section to provide more consistent patterns. This choke is perfect for upland bird hunting and sporting clays. It has a constriction pattern that makes it ideal for use in any shotgun, regardless of gauge or barrel length.
The Carlson Winchester Cylinder Choke is designed for Browning, Mossberg, 500 Shotguns. This choke tube features a cylinder bore ideal for shooting lead, plated, or jacketed bullets. It is constructed of steel with a matte-blued finish that resists corrosion and wears. The Carlson Winchester Cylinder Choke is made in the USA and comes with a lifetime warranty.
The Carlson Winchester Cylinder Choke is a great choice for hunting. It has tighter patterns, making it easier to hit your target. The Winchester Cylinder Choke fits 12 gauge shotguns with 3″ chambers. The cylinder choke tube pattern provides denser shot strings for more consistent performance at all ranges. It is designed to produce the most uniform density and spread for better shooting results.
- Dimensions: 4 x 1.5 x 1 Inches
- Weight: 1.59 Ounces
Carlson’s Winchester Flush Mounted Choke Tubes are made from 17-4 PH Stainless Steel, the same material used in surgical implants and high-performance auto racing components. The Carlson’s Winchester Flush Mounted Choke Tubes have a unique knurled pattern that provides a non-slip surface for easy removal even when wet. The choke tubes also utilize a stainless steel spring for consistent, reliable function and tight, uniform patterns.
Carlson’s Winchester Flush Mounted Choke Tubes are designed to provide a perfect fit for your shotgun. The Carlson’s Winchester Flush Mounted Choke Tube is a standard .710 constriction choke tube. You can use it with lead, hevi-shot, and steel shot.
The flush mount design allows for easy removal of spent shells without removing the entire choke tube. The unique tapered profile reduces felt recoil when shooting steel shot or light target loads. They also feature an easy-to-read, laser engraved marking on the end of each tube that shows the exact percentage of constriction you need for your hunting needs.
What To Consider When Buying Best Choke For Pheasant?
When you have a gun and want to go pheasant hunting, the first thing you will need is a choke. Chokes are used to control how many of the shot pellets leave the shotgun barrel at once. This article will look into what that means and give some general considerations as to which chokes work best for which purpose.
Size of the Choke
The size of the choke is determined by the number of thin wire loops, also called “lands” or rings, that are wrapped around the outside of a gun barrel. Each land reduces an opening one inch across to about 30 inches across. Because of this, there are different chokes designed for different purposes.
The majority of chokes are made out of steel or iron. Chokes can be made from various alloy metals, such as stainless steel, nickel-plated steel, and chromium-plated steel. However, the construction material does not affect the performance in any major way.
Shotguns shoot different spreads when fired simultaneously from the target, depending on how much choke there is in the barrel. Some chokes will produce approximately 40 to 50 percent tighter patterns than others and reduce their spread by roughly 10%.
Most hunters tend to use Improved Cylinders or Modified chokes when hunting pheasants because they adequately balance pattern quality and range. Another thing to consider when choosing a choke is the size of your prey. A smaller game like a quail may need less shot to bring down than a bigger game like a wild turkey, which needs heavier pellets to penetrate its wings and thick skull.
The least expensive chokes are typically made out of steel. Choke tubes with a high percentage of tungsten or nickel are more expensive, but they are also harder to produce, which affects their price. If you are on a budget, it makes sense to buy the least expensive choke that suits your needs. However, if you can afford it, I would recommend spending more money on higher quality because it will improve shot pattern sharpness and longevity.
Most modern chokes have an extra ring at the muzzle end to allow them to be attached securely to already existing screw threads in most types of shotguns. Some hunters prefer this over removable chokes because they only need one choke for all their hunting purposes, whereas others prefer to have a separate choke for each type of hunting.
Fixed chokes are meant to work on different guns for different purposes, but interchangeable chokes allow someone to use one choke style for all their shotguns. So yes, it’s possible to put a choke in a smooth barrel with some additional knowledge about how they work.
Threaded barrels are a popular modification that you can do to factory or custom shotguns. They allow you to attach choke tubes, which are threaded on both ends. Threads in the barrel will not interfere with your ability to shoot slugs, buckshot, and other specialty projectiles.
There are many different types of chokes that every pheasant hunter should have in their gear bag. The first type is called a “skeet” choke, which has patterned holes in the middle and at the end of the barrel. These patterned holes make it easier for a shooter to hit targets that fly away from them because they don’t need a lead on their target while shooting straight away.
The more you know about chokes, the more likely you will make a wise purchase and get better results on your next hunting trip.
A good choke can improve accuracy and range when shooting at birds or other small games. You should choose a choke based on what kind of gun you will be using it with, how far away your target is, where they will be flying from and what type of ammunition you plan to use. Let’s look at some things that help determine which shotgun choke is right for your needs!