To achieve the best results, you have to adjust your rifle scope to an angle that will give you a suitable view of your target thus giving a good chance of not missing the target. Thus, how do you adjust a rifle scope? Basically, when adjusting your rifle scope, there are four kinds of adjustments you can make to the scope. They include:
To change where the bullet would hit taking note of the position you are aiming from, you have to make an elevation adjustment. That is whether you want the bullet to hit up or down, elevation adjustment deals with a vertical adjustment of the rifle scope. This is done by adjusting the elevation turret. Elevation adjustments are done when you are shooting from various distances or ‘zeroing’ the scope to your rifle. Zeroing a scope means you bring together the point of aim of the scope and the point of impact such that the bullet strikes the target at a baseline distance. When you shoot at a distance other than that which you have zeroed your rifle scope, the bullet’s point of impact would not be the same as your point of aim, it would either be higher or lower than your point of aim.
Elevation adjustment is necessary due to the fact that bullets begin to fall immediately they leave the barrel of the rifle. So, to counter-effect the falling of the bullet, you can move the point of impact of your bullet up so that it will still hit the target. Look through your rifle scope while making the adjustment and you will see the Reticle moving up and down. Adjust the elevation turret until you find the desired angle to take your shot. Each scope has a different way of elevation adjustment, some require turning the turret clockwise to bring up the impact of the bullet. To lower the impact, you simply turn the turret counterclockwise. Other scopes may require you to do the opposite.
Just like the elevation adjustment, the windage adjustment also adjusts the angle of the point of impact of the bullet. However, unlike the elevation turret which deals with a vertical adjustment, the windage turret deals with a horizontal adjustment of the reticle, it moves it left or right. As you adjust the windage turret, it changes the trajectory of the bullet. Windage adjustment is mainly because of the impact of the wind on a bullet.
Marksmen take the weather into condition while shooting, thus, the wind may slightly shift your bullet from the desired point of impact. Thus, considering the impact of the wind, you can adjust the point of impact of your bullet and still hit the bulls-eye even with the wind blowing. Windage adjustment is particularly important to snipers or shooters who shoot from a long range. It helps them beat the wind and still be able to hit the target. However, while shooting you should be wary of the wind as it changes tide easily and without warning.
The parallax adjustment is equally crucial and can prove quite important while shooting, it can be the difference between missing and hitting the target. It deals with the focus of a shooter while aiming at a target. While aiming, when you take your eyes off the scope, when you look back at the reticle, it seems as if the target has shifted away from the crosshairs. A parallax has occurred due to the change in your position, your head is no longer aligned in the previous perfect position, this error can cause you to miss the target. Due to the parallax, you will be prompted to move your rifle to get a better aim or bring it back to the previous position. However, by changing the position of the rifle, you have changed the trajectory of the bullet and the path.
This will thus lead to you missing the target. However, a parallax adjustment, or as it is commonly called, a target focus will move the focal point of your target in your scope and merge it with the reticle thus putting both on the same focal plane and allowing you to take a precise and accurate shot. A rifle scope with an adjustable parallax is quite beneficial, it helps you to stop straining your eyes to view your target. Once the image of your target and the reticle are merged on the same focal plane, both will not only be in focus, thus you don’t need to strain your eyes to see your target, but, there will be no parallax effect.
This is a popular mistake that is quite common to shooters and hunters, you should get your rifle scope focused for your eyes. You can get your scope’s eyepiece focused by following these steps:
● Mount your scope on your rifle and ensure that it is in the right position.
● Place a white piece of paper a few feet away from your rifle, this will serve as your target. You can equally get a friend to help hold the white paper.
● Get behind the scope and attain a comfortable position. Gaze through the riflescope for about two seconds, close your eyes for a few seconds then repeat.
● Change the ocular focus adjustment of your scope and repeat this procedure until you have a clear and sharp view within one or two seconds of looking through the reticle.
Focusing your eyepiece would be of great benefit to your shooting and aiming skills, it helps improve your sped and accuracy as you can see your targets quickly and clearly. These are the major types of adjustments you can make to your rifle scope, however, there are a few other adjustments you can also make to your rifle scope to help improve your shooting accuracy. They include:
This type of adjustment deals with magnifying your target, you can choose to zoom in or out, it increases the size of your target and allows you to have a clear view of the target.
Not all weather conditions are favorable to a marksman, you may find yourself in adverse conditions or low lighting conditions. In these conditions, scopes that have illuminated reticles are highly beneficial. You can adjust the brightness to suit the environment so that you can see your target clearly. However, you don’t want to increase the brightness too much as it can blur your view and make you miss the target.